2020 began on a optimistic notice with the actual property sector hoping to enhance upon the combo bag efficiency of 2019. The first heartbreak got here when the Union Budget 2020-2021 virtually uncared for the actual property sector, barring some good tidings for the reasonably priced phase. The sector took respite within the authorities’s deal with infrastructure, which might imply opening up of peripheral areas and creating new avenues of growth. Then got here the worldwide pandemic, leaving everybody clueless. However, throughout the lockdown, the sector pulled up its socks to reduce the impression, and likewise made its voice heard by the Government of India.
Realizing the gravity of the scenario, the Government of India got here out with a slew of measures and bulletins over a interval of six months that helped the actual property sector keep firmly on floor. The authorities granted an extension to full initiatives, funds to guarantee liquidity, steps to assist caught initiatives, rationalized risk-weightage norms, introduced the restructuring of loans primarily based on the initiatives, and linking house loans to LTV.
Reeling below liquidity crunch and lack of exercise in preliminary lockdown months, the sector utilized digital platforms for speaking with the consumers. The impression was quick as consumers, who had been sitting at houses and had ample time at hand, realized the significance of proudly owning a house. The digital outreach programmes resulted in elevated inquiries, and fairly just a few builders of reputation booked models utilizing on-line channels. The yr noticed rainfall when it comes to utilizing digital, revolutionary schemes, and profitable presents.
The reasonably priced housing phase, alternatively, survived the onslaught merely as a result of it caters to the value bracket that has most demand. Several elements labored in favour of reasonably priced housing, together with Rs 3.74-lakh crore liquidity infusion introduced by the RBI on March 27, 2020, the CLSS extension introduced in May, aid below EPF, and so on. The largest takeaway for the consumers, nevertheless, was the unprecedented reduce within the repo charges, which resulted in house mortgage pursuits coming down to sub-7%. The tragedy additionally got here as a blessing in disguise for the sector, particularly the reasonably priced housing phase, as the center class was dealing with challenges in staying at rented lodging.
The sector made a comeback in Q3 with gross sales and new launches rebounding to virtually 70% of the pre-COVID-19 ranges. Maximum gross sales had been seen within the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR), National Capital Region (NCR), and Pune; all three areas accounted for nearly 80 per cent of the gross sales within the July-Sept quarter. The discount of stamp responsibility fees in Maharashtra adopted by Karnataka coupled with builders’ incentives and all-time low house mortgage rates of interest turned the catalyst of restoration for the actual property sector. Though new provide in NCR was not a lot, it nonetheless contributed virtually 15% of the general launches that occurred this yr. The reasonably priced housing phase comprised virtually 70% of the full new provide within the July-Sept interval in main cities.
The market is promising, and with the apex financial institution being optimistic in regards to the financial growth, the actual property sector would see a marked change in 2021. The measures taken by the RBI would assist the sector reap wealthy dividends because the sector is using excessive on the elevated demand within the post-COVID-19 scenario. The marketplace for reasonably priced housing is strong, and within the coming months, there might be extra motion. People have realized the significance of proudly owning a house, and this sense goes to persist.
(By Pradeep Aggarwal, Co-founder & Chairman, Signature Global, and Chairman, National Council on Affordable Housing, ASSOCHAM)