Germany recognises colonial-era massacres in Namibia, offers $1.3 billion as compensation

Berlin: Germany has officially recognized its killing of tens of thousands of people in colonial Namibia as a genocide.

The victims belonged to the Herero and Nama peoples. German soldiers carried out the massacres between 1904 and 1908 in reprisal for an uprising against colonial rule. “In the light of Germany’s historical and moral responsibility, we will ask Namibia and the descendants of the victims for forgiveness,” NHK World said qouting German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas.

Welcoming the conclusion of the talks with Namibia on recognizing the killings committed by German troops in the country in the early 20th century as genocide, the German Foreign Minister said that Berlin will pay 1.1 billion euros ($1.3 billion) as compensation.

“I am happy and grateful that we were able to reach an agreement with Namibia on the common approach to the darkest chapter in our shared history. Five years later, [Special Envoy] Ruprecht Polenz and his Namibian counterpart Zed Ngavirue were able to conclude the negotiations, which they conducted on behalf of our two governments and the request of our two parliaments,” Maas said in a statement, adding that the German government will offer the African country “a special program for reconstruction in development of 1.1 billion euros,” as per Sputnik.

According to the request of the Namibian side, the initiatives included in the program will cover land reform issues, such as purchase and development of land, agriculture, rural infrastructure and water supply, as well as professional training. These projects will be implemented in addition to the bilateral cooperation, which will also be extended.

“Now we will officially call these events as what they were from today’s point of view: a genocide. In light of the historical and moral responsibility of Germany, we are asking forgiveness from Namibia and the descendants of the victims,” Maas added.

Namibia existed as a German colony from 1884 to 1915. From 1904-1907, German colonial troops killed tens of thousands of people in response to a rebellion by the Herero and Nama peoples. The two countries were in talks about recognizing those actions as genocide since 2015.

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