Business

Richer harvests: Advent of technology in agriculture sector has proven to be a game-changer

Thirukumaran Nagarajan PortraitThirukumaran Nagarajan Portrait

By Thirukumaran Nagarajan

Technological developments have modified the face of each sector; agriculture is not any stranger to such developments. Here are some methods in which technology can be a harbinger of hope for farmers throughout the Indian subcontinent:

Smart farming
This umbrella idea entails the mixing of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) into the spectrum of agriculture. It consists of the joint utility of Internet of Things (IoT), GPS, robotics, sensors and actuators amongst others. For occasion, farmers can use drones to assess the well being and progress of their crop. Based on the knowledge thus obtained they will undertake preventive or corrective measures nicely in advance, consequently minimising loss. Further, sensors are being mounted on irrigators to promote environment friendly irrigation. These sensors survey the moisture degree of soil and based mostly on information farmers can determine the apt quantity of watering the farmland requires. Such functions assist in resolving the problems of over or below irrigation.

Additionally, sensors which might be backed by GPS technology makes use of satellite tv for pc alerts to present location particulars resembling longitude, latitude and altitude, whereas optical sensors assist in ascertaining details about the plant color and reflectance information.

Precision farming
The progress of the agriculture sector can be greatest judged by the extent of improve in productiveness per unit of land. Precision farming is the important thing to obtain this purpose because it supplies one with the pinpointed information concerning the quantity of seeds, kind of crop, vitamins, fertilizers, degree of irrigation and a number of other different parameters, required to increase productiveness per unit. This real-time info is gathered with the assistance of distant sensing, geographical info programs and GPS. It even supplies crop intensification and diversification information, whereas enabling farmers to make sensible selections.

Data-driven choice making
Data-driven agriculture is a type of farm administration that helps farmers tactfully deal with all points of their operations proper from soil and crop efficiency to managing their funds. It permits farmers to make correct, fast and sensible selections based mostly on actual information and figures as an alternative of merely counting on their gut-feeling. Some of the opposite instruments used below this method are variable price technology, yield mapping technology, climate stations and farm administration software program.

Artificial Intelligence
With the fast utilization of precision information, synthetic intelligence and machine studying discovered their place in the agriculture trade. The deployment of these instruments has led to the modernisation of massive farmlands from the grass-root degree. AI empowers farmers by permitting them to plant seeds of various densities and on the similar time enabling them to infuse totally different portions and varieties of fertilisers throughout their fields.

Agritech firms
There has been a surge of agriculture-oriented and technology-based firms not too long ago, that are seamlessly opening doorways for brand spanking new alternatives while eradicating challenges in the agriculture sector. Standing tall on the concepts of farm to desk and elimination of intermediaries, these organisations type helpful partnerships with cultivators. With the formation of such symbiotic relations, farmers get better entry to aggressive costs, technological know-how, monetary support, logistic assist and a plethora of different benefits.

The introduction of technology in agriculture sector has proven to be a game-changer. The future holds immense prospects, and if used thoughtfully technology can induce one more revolution which can change the face of India’s agriculture trade.

The author is CEO & co-founder, Ninjacart

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