Officials from the Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) have began a undertaking to examine leopards and their behaviour in city landscapes with the assistance of radio collars. These collars may also assist officers perceive the leopards’ interactions and/or conflicts with people.
The undertaking makes use of GPS telemetry to allow the radio collars to talk with a satellite tv for pc. This plan to observe leopards was initially proposed in 2016, although monetary and regulatory hurdles, particularly with regard to permissions from the State and Central authorities, delayed the plan. Moreover, the COVID-19 lockdown additional delayed the method. It is alleged that every radio collar prices roughly ₹5 lakhs.
Park officers hooked up the primary collar on Savitri, a 2.5 to 3-year-old feminine leopard which was seen frequenting the areas between the park, Aarey Colony and Film City. The leopard was named after historic educationist and social reformer Savitribai Phule.
Director at SGNP, G Mallikarjuna mentioned that the primary part of the undertaking will contain the monitoring of the motion of Savitri together with one other male leopard for a interval of six months.
“Since leopards are very secretive animals, we know little about them. We have selected leopards that live on the periphery of the park and more often come in contact with humans. This study will help the forest department answer questions like their land use pattern, their movement across roads with busy traffic and how they avoid humans. It will help us take steps to protect it,” he added.
The State Forest Department and the Wildlife Conservation Society are collectively finishing up this leopard monitoring plan. Officials will examine a complete of 5 leopards as a part of the undertaking, which shall be carried out in two phases.
The knowledge gathering course of will contain officers bodily being current on the websites the place the leopard has crossed primarily based on knowledge obtained from the transmitters within the area. Officials are additionally anticipated to be taught extra concerning the migratory patterns of leopards amongst different issues.