Workers ran away from farm sector before pandemic began; rushed back amid lockdown

The farm sector had misplaced traction by way of the workforce before the lockdown was imposed.

The agriculture sector single-handedly held the baton of India’s financial system amid the coronavirus pandemic; nevertheless, it had misplaced traction by way of the workforce before the lockdown was imposed. The agriculture sector employed 5.3 per cent of complete city staff throughout January-March 2019, which fell to five.1 per cent in a yr, in accordance with the Periodic Labour Force Survey launched by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI). The flight of staff from the farm sector was in direction of the providers sector. In the service sector, the share of staff elevated from 61 per cent to 62.4 per cent in the identical interval throughout January-March 2020. 

A big share of staff additionally moved from the manufacturing sector in direction of the service sector. Later, after the lockdown was imposed, the manufacturing sector got here to a near-standstill and the migrant staff returned to their homelands. However, it was the agriculture sector, which was shedding shine before the lockdown, that absorbed numerous staff and gave them a meal within the powerful occasions. 

A lot of staff had been dropped out of the labour market after the lockdown. The NSO’s PLFS survey reveals that the labour participation price was 56.7 per cent throughout January and March 2020. But, it fell to 40.21 per cent in May-August 2020, with the city jobs struggling greater than their rural counterpart. The labour participation price was 37.7 per cent in city areas throughout the identical interval, in accordance with the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). 

Most of the employees who exited the labour market and managed to earn once more had been both absorbed by the farm sector, bought MGNREGA jobs, or turned part of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Rozgaar Yojana. Meanwhile, the unemployment price shot up past 9 per cent within the month of December 2020. The foremost downside that led to the rise in unemployment in December is believed to be the failure of the farm sector to soak up labour. Farming is the final resort of many who’re rendered jobless. However, within the month of December, it shed jobs, as an alternative of absorbing. 

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